Session Notes

What We Will Learn Today

  1. The importance of the doctrine of Justification
  2. Paul's use of Allegory


  1. Vs. 29 – But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now. world filled with tumults, persecutions, sects, & offenses
    1. If we did not fortify our minds with this comfort from Paul, hold fast to justification, we would not be able to bear the power & wiles of Satan. (AE 26: 450)
    2. hear that before the Gospel came everything was tranquil & peaceful; since Gospel’s discovery, everything is in uproar, tumult & revolution.
    3. doctrine of justification must be learned diligently; it alone can strengthen us against these, comfort us in trials
    4. cannot be otherwise with the world than that it see only offenses, say nothing good will come of it (1 Cor. 2:14)
  2. Vs. 30 – But what does the Scripture say? Cast out the slave and her son; for the son of the slave shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.
    1. Luther: Here the Ishmaelites hear a sentence pronounced against them that overthrows the Jews, the Greeks, the Romans, etc. who persecute the church of Christ
    2. will overthrow the papists, all the self-righteous who boast that they are the people of God & the church
    3. hope that they will receive the inheritance, judge that we who depend on the promise are not just “barren & desolate” but heretics who have been cast out of the church & cannot be sons & heirs
    4. But God turns this judgment of theirs upside down & pronounces the sentence on them
  3. Vs. 31 – So, brethren, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.
    1. Paul concludes the allegory: “We are not children of the slave.”
    2. = not under the Law (which gives birth into slavery, which terrifies, accuses, leads to despair
    3. No! We are free of it through Christ; it cannot terrify & condemn us.
    4. Regardless how much the children of the slave woman persecute us for a time, our comfort is that they will finally be thrown into the outer darkness. (Matt. 8:12) (AE 26: 460-461)