Session Notes

What We Will Learn Today

  1. Paul Citing Moses
  2. Paul's Accusation Against Peter
  3. Paul on Justification


  1. Vs. 6 “And from those who were reputed to be something (what they were makes no difference to me) . . .”
    1. is a vehement & proud refutation
    2. Paul does not call the true apostle themselves by any honorific title (as if to minimize their position)
    3. was one of the false apostles’ strongest arguments
    4. God shows no partiality.
    5. Paul cites Moses, who says this not once but many times (Lev. 19:15)
    6. With this statement, Paul silences the false teachers.
  2. Verses 7-9 “But on the contrary when they saw that I had been entrusted with the Gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been entrusted with the Gospel to the circumcised (for He who worked through Peter for the mission to the circumcised worked also through me also to the Gentiles),
    1. is powerful confuting evidence against the false apostles
    2. were reputed to be pillars
    3. for he who worked through Peter, etc.
  3. Vs. 13 And with him the rest of the Jews acted insincerely, so that even Barnabas was carried away by their insincerity
    1. Paul’s accusation against Peter: what it was and what it was not
    2. accused Peter of dissimulation (weakness, hypocrisy, insincerity – not acting in accord with the Gospel)
    3. Paul could not pretend; the truth of the Gospel was here endangered.
    4. Luther: traditions & ceremonies necessary – still, they’re dangerous
    5. Luther: danger of the strong resting in their own strength on justification (AE 26: 114)
  4. Verse 17 But if in our endeavor to be justified in Christ, we ourselves were found to be sinners, is Christ then an agent of sin? Certainly not!
    1. argument: If we are justified in Christ, then it is impossible for us to be justified through the Law.
    2. justification by the Law or through Christ: one of these has to be false.
    3. If we try to be justified in Christ, then discover that we need the Law (are not really justified in Christ alone), then Christ is nothing but a lawgiver – even an agent of sin!
    4. Paul accusing false apostles (and all self-righteous) of most gravely perverting everything
    5. work of Christ properly speaking: to embrace the one whom the Law has made a sinner and pronounced guilty, and to absolve him from his sins if he believes the Gospel
      1. Christ is the end of the law (Rom. 10:4); is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (Jn. 1:29)
      2. papists & fanatics turn this upside down!