What We Will Learn Today
- Luther’s Assessment of Church Visitation Records
- Second-Generation Reformers
- The Spread of the Reformation through Europe
- Reformation in the New World
Session One: Part Four
Tracing the Reformation
- Failure? What have we seen so far that might suggest hits?
- What have we seen that might suggest it wasn’t a failure?
What place did church visitation records have in Luther’s assessment of the Reformation
- A big role in his assessment
- The problem with these sources?
- Only asked for negative information
Question: How does Luther’s “Theology of the Cross” help us understand his pessimism in the context of his theology?
- Luther’s doctrine of the Hidden God doesn’t allow use to always call things “successes or failures”- everything is a failure
- 1555- Peace of Augsburg
- 1580- Lutheran Book of Concord
These things represent the high point, or end of the first portion of the German Reformation
- Sometimes German historians have concluded the Reformation story in 1555 with the Peace of Augsburg- but, the Reformation spread later and beyond this time period
Melanchthon and Beza are the second generation reformers
- Melanchthon helped spread the reformation beyond Germany by giving it an intellectual tradition
- Common for this “second generation” of Reformers who helped make the reformation global
- Professions and vocations changed
Figures of the Reformation were:
- It was a Reformation of the Common people
Reformation was a theological way of looking at the world and
- Family life
- Reformation from Above (with the support of the King, Gustavus Adolphus)
Italy and Spain
- Parallel or hidden Reformations
- Reforms works being passed along in Catholic lands
- Mystics tended to dig Luther- such as the Spanish Alumbrados
- Used a Calvinist model of using church orders to arrange a functioning reformation church
- A reformation, but emphasis on religious freedom. It became the place for trading and moving people and ideas.
The New World Today
- There is a Reformation tradition in Canada that ties itself back to the Catholic Counter Reformation
- New England Colonies
- Calvin’s Geneva was the model for the first colonists (who came to the New World from England via the Netherlands)